What is a pallet?
A pallet sometimes inaccurately called a skid (a skid has no bottom deck boards), is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, work saver, or other jacking device. A pallet is the structural foundation of a unit load which allows handling and storage efficiencies. Goods or shipping containers are often placed on a pallet secured with strapping, stretch wrap or shrink wrap and shipped. Since its invention in the twentieth century, its use has dramatically supplanted older forms of crating like the wooden box and the wooden barrel, as it works well with modern packaging like cardboard boxes and Intermodal containers commonly used for bulk shipping.
What are the different kinds of pallets?
- EURO pallet
- The Finnish pallet (FIN)
- Industrial pallet
What size EURO pallet?
EURO pallet dimensions: width 800 mm, length 1200 mm, height 145 mm.
The standard load capacity: 600 kg
What size the Finnish pallet (FIN)?
Finnish pallet dimensions: width 1200 mm, length 1000 mm, height 145 mm. The standard load capacity: 750 kg
Such pallets must have a stamped trademark of the manufacturer (code and year of manufacture), as well as distinctive markings FIN.
What size Industrial pallet?
Industrial pallet pallet dimensions: width 1200 mm, length 1200 mm, height 1500 mm. The standard load capacity: 900 kg
It does not have a stamp. It resembles a EURO pallet in its looks.
Has the weight of pallets been standardized?
The weight of the pallet is not standardized as the pallet is made of different materials, the average weight of pallets ranges 15-20 kg. Some manufacturers state the weight of their pallets up to 40 kg.
How do you calculate the height of the cargo packages?
The height of the cargo packages and the number of rows in the shipping container packages should be calculated at the rate: the maximum height of the package – no more than 1800 mm. The cargo placed on the pallet must not exceed the dimension of the pallet itself by more than 20 mm on each side.
How to save the beauty of cut flowers?
Most cut flowers are best stored at a temperature of about 5 ° C. That is, to keep them fit even an ordinary household refrigerator. Shelf life, on average – 5 days, although, of course, fresh flowers have a personality, and the allowable storage time for different colors is not the same.
For example, to save the irises or tulips, it is desirable to lower the temperature to 2 ° C, and for orchids simbidium (the most common orchids that can be seen on sale) and anthuriums – to increase up to 8 ° C. However orchid follinopsis should be stored at room temperature. Tulips, chrysanthemum, carnation in the refrigerator stored in a dry state, most of the colors it is better to connect the power supply to the water, submerging the newly cut end of the stem with a sharp knife in any, even very small water tank.
After the end of the retention period, before staging in a vase, the flowers should be cut again diagonally. All the leaves that fall into the water must be removed. For all cut flowers, although in varying degrees, fatal Draught, direct sunlight, ethylene gas released by fruits and fading parts of plants. The life of most colors, can usually be extended by specific means (e.g. Chrisal) sold in flower shops in the form of a powder or in dissolved form. In order not to burn the stems of the plant, the powder is recommended to completely dissolve in a small amount of water.
How to keep roses?
Rose – the storage temperature of 5 ° C. For storage roses should be tightly wrapped with head in brown paper and immerse in a standing position in water as deep as possible, but so that the head does not fall into the water. If you do not plan to keep the roses anyway before you put in a vase, preferably their otpoit using the same method of wrapping and hold so for at least 3 hours. For the Roses is better to use boiled or raw water krizalom defend. Spikes, falling into the water, should break off. Slice through which the food is better to do as long as possible. If water is not added Chrisal, it is better to change once a day, each time updating the cut flower stalk. Fresh rose with proper care can stand for 30 days, but rose to the bubbles is extremely sensitive to air and bacteria impairing absorption of moisture, which often leads to fast fading in the home.
How to keep сarnations?
Carnation – the storage temperature of 5 ° C without water. Pink – resistant flower and can stand about two weeks without any special care. Water in a vase to be room temperature. If you are not using Chrisal, add aspirin, its effect will gradually increase the decorative studs.
How to keep irises?
Iris strongly dependent on moisture. Keep iris as little as possible was without water. The optimum storage temperature – 2 ° C and even putting the irises in a vase, keep the water chilled using ice cubes. Flowers should be placed in the water is not too deep – to prevent formation of rot. Chrisal extends the life of the flower. Narcissus – the storage temperature 2-5 ° C Juice secreted in the water narcissus, is harmful to other flowers. If you want to put daffodils with other flowers, give them a pre-night stand separately.
How to keep narcissus?
Narcissus – the storage temperature 2-5 ° C Juice secreted in the water narcissus, is harmful to other flowers. If you want to put daffodils with other flowers, give them a pre-night stand separately.
How to keep tulips?
Tulip – storage temperature 2-5 ° C without water. Likes very cold water with ice cubes can Stem Tulips, has just delivered the water, tends to bend. If you do not want the flowers stood in a vase, arbitrarily arched in opposite directions, hold the tulips a few hours in water with fixed stems. The fixation can be made with paper, tightly wound its stems.
How to keep freesias?
Freesia – storage temperature 2-5 ° C Freesia strongly dependent on moisture.
How to keep anemones?
Anemones for storage should be exempt from the cellophane wrapper in which they are sold, cut the stems and put in an upright position in a solution with krizalom optimum storage temperature – 2 ° C. Even at room temperature anemone can stand in the water with krizalom about two weeks.
How to keep hyacinth?
Hyacinth – the storage temperature 2-5 ° C Hyacinth is usually sold with a bulb and the vase it is better to put it right.
How to keep hippeastrum?
Hippeastrum can be stored dry at a temperature of 5-10 ° C. Putting in a flower vase filled with water is recommended stem and plug it with cotton wool. Hippeastrum can stand in a vase week or more, gradually dissolving the buds.
How to kepp peony?
Peony – the storage temperature of 5 ° C. If you need to get a tight bud peony bloomed immediately in front of you, put a flower in hot water.
How to keep mattioli?
Mattioli – storage temperature 8-10 ° C. The use of Chrisal extends the life of the plant. The flower is sensitive to ethylene. Capacity, which will be Mattioli, should be well washed is important to monitor the cleanliness of the water and to change it as needed.
How to kepp gerbers?
Гербера — температура хранения 5° С. Следует ставить в воду не глубоко, высота наполнения вазы водой — 4—5 см. Срез стебля полезно натереть солью. Стебли герберы, как и тюльпана, подвержены выгибанию. Здесь можно использовать те же методы фиксации стебля.
How to keep lily?
Lily – the storage temperature of 5 ° C is enough unpretentious flower, is about a week; while at the lily buds gradually dissolved the new and the old ones die. Lily does not require special care, but is susceptible to ethylene.
How to keep dahlia?
Dahlia – the storage temperature of 5 ° C. Dahlia longer will stand in the water with vinegar. Before being placed in a vase stem should add water and plug with cotton wool.
How to keep gladiolus?
Gladiolus – storage temperature 8-10 ° C Cut gladioli continue to grow, seeking to crown the top. Therefore, if we put them horizontally, the stem can be bent. Gladiolus heavily dependent bends.
How to keep alstroemeria?
Alstroemeria – the storage temperature of 5 ° C Al Stromer resistant flower, lives about two weeks and does not require any special care.
How to keep orchid simbidium?
Orchid simbidium – Storage Temperature 8 ~ 10 ° C. Saves decorative two weeks and sometimes more. Any water drops on the flowers, can cause spots. Sensitive to ethylene gas. Individual flowers put in plain water, are longer than in the branch tube, with which it is ordinarily sold.
How to keep anthurium?
Anthurium – storage temperature 8-10 ° C. Refers to the long standing flowers. It is best to cut anthurium was placed in an individual tube with a special solution. Anthurium, supplied from the Netherlands, placed in a test tube immediately after cutting. Slice from time to time may become brown in this case should be cut flower.
How to keep ornithogalum?
Ornithogalum – very resistant flower on long graceful stems with buds blossoming gradually acquiring maximum smartness about a week standing in a vase. These flowers do not require special care.
How to keep euphorbia?
Euphorbia – optimum storage temperature – 8 ° C Barrel euphorbias recommended after trimming dipped in boiling water for a few seconds to stop the loss of juice. This will prolong the life of the plant. Plant sensitive to ethylene gas. Euphorbia may shorten the life of other flowers, put it in a vase.